And now we're taking another hundred years stride through history. And this is Hampton Court home to the most famous of all English kings we're talking overweight we're, talking Tudor, we're, talking six, wives, exactly Henry the eighth. And how does Henry fit into this story we're telling this story of power and of how people were ruled in England? Well, I'll tell you do you remember the Beckett story Henry. The second takes on the power of the church and Becket ends up dead on the cathedral floor. Well, Four hundred years later, his namesake, Henry, the eighth's took on the power of the church again.
And this time he won by 1528 Henry had been married to Catherine of Aragon for twenty years. But he fancied Amber in her lady-in-waiting to divorce Catherine. He needed the permission of the church, which was controlled, remember by the Pope in Rome, and the Pope refused what happened next was that Anne Boleyn gave Henry a book. And it was a banned book. It was illegal even to possess it.
It was written by a. Man called William, Tyndale, Tyndale criticized, the Pope, he dreamt of a new kind of Christianity that would sweep away the power of the earthly church and simply get back to people worshiping God with no Church in between. And this book planted a seed in Henry's mind, because he realized if there was no Pope, he could get his divorce.
And so just because Henry wanted to marry his mistress, the church in England split from the Church of Rome. This is Rev in Yorkshire. One of numerous abbeys monasteries. Priory's closed down in what's now known as the Reformation. It was all perfectly legal.
Henry went to Parliament. And he was declared the supreme head of the English church, and he set to work destroying the church's earthly power. And most of the MPs went along with it, because they liked Tyndale mistrusted the power and wealth of the church.
But also the church had land. There was a killing to be made here carving up the church's lands. The Reformation was the greatest land grab since the Norman. Conquest and with all this new land, the power of the landed gentry in the 16th century rose yet further.
But what made the Reformation? So exciting was its impact on ordinary people I've come to some Michael's in Cooke fired green in Essex, not just to admire these magnificent wall paintings. But to show you this it's, a Rood screen, not rude rude, but R double OD and in churches before the Reformation screens like this separated the people who sat down there from the altar, only the priest could. Approach the altar, because remember the church taught that only through the church through the priests, could the people be with God and the Reformation tore down these barriers between God and the people. And for the first time people came to believe there was nothing separating them from God was with them. And this idea filled them with energy.
It gave them hope. And another thing that happened with the Reformation Bibles for the first time were printed in English before then that all been in. Latin, and when people came to read the Bible for themselves, what did they find wonderful stories of a man called Jesus who came to give hope not to the rich, but the poor and stories of bad Kings punished by God. So yes, the Reformation made Henry more powerful.
But here opened a can of worms you.